Kollam District

Kollam is the center for Cashew Nut industry as well as sea food.The District represents Sea, Lakes, plains, mountains, rivers, streams, backwaters, forests, vast green fields and tropical crops. It was an ancient sea port back to AD 9th century. The towns commercial Importance led the Portuguese to set up a factory in 1502, then it handed over to Dutch in 1661 and later held by British in 1795. Some houses and Chinese Fishing Nets in Ashtamudi Lake are testimonies of Trade with China.

FACTS

AREA 2491 KM2
POPULATION 25,84,118 (2001 census)
SEASON SEPTEMBER-MAY
ALTITUDE Sea Level
RAINFALL 2700 mm
TEMPERATURE Min 22.4 – Max 36.0
CLIMATE Tropical.


  • Ariankavu is is on the way to tamilnadu about 70KM from town at Kollam Shenkottai road. There is a temple of Lord ‘Sastav’. The annual festival of this temple is on December is very famous and special.
  • Thenmala mainly a forest area, having rubber and tea plantations. Thenmala Eco Tourism project is under way. This will be India’s first planned Eco-Tourism destination. An Eco Tourism Development society is the promoter of this project, they offer some battery powered buses for moving inside the forest. Kerala’s one of the biggest irrigation project ‘Kallada’ is near to Thenmala. At the Kallada power station there is music fountain during evening except Mondays.
  • Palaruvi Water Falls on the way to Chenkotta 75 KM East of Kollam town. The name ‘Palaruvi’ means stream of Milk, is one of the picturesque water fall of Kerala just like a stream of milk. It falling from a height of 300 feet. Visitors from all over India consider it as a picnic spot. To reach there one have to travel through thick dark rain forest. PWD rest house and KTDC motels are there for accommodation. The surrounding blue hills surrounded by mist and green valley from a wonderful backdrops of the ‘Palaruvi’ whose roar is the only sound other than the tranquility of the virgin forest.
  • Thangassery is historically important place just 5 KM from Kollam Town. There is ruins of Portuguese Fort and 19th Century Church. The Thangassery beach has a light house of 150 feet toll and is open between 3.30 PM and 5 PM.
  • Thirumullavaram Beach is an idle beach for bathing and and swimming. This is quite and small beach just 6 KM from town.
  • Kulathupuzha is famous for ‘Sree Dharma Sastha Temple’ which is located at Thiruvananthapuram – Chenkotta root and is 60 KM from Kollam. The festival of this temple(Vishu Mahotsavam) is attracted by thousands of people and is during April. The Thenmala Railway station is Kollam – Chenkotta root is just 10 KM from here
  • Vallikkavu is a pilgrim center near Kayamkulam. Vallikkavu is best known for Mata Amritanandamayi Mutt and Mata Amritanandamayi Amma on of India’s female Gurus.
  • Sasthamkotta is the largest fresh water lake in Kerala surrounded by hills on three sides. The ancient ‘Sastha’ Temple gives the name to the place. This is an important pilgrim centre of Kollam
  • Achankovil is located 20Km from thenmala at Punalur – Chenkotta Road. This is a hilly area, the hill tribe called ‘Malavettar’ living here. The still following their traditional way of living. They have two settlement at both sides of the river. Achankovil are one of the important ‘Sastha’ temples of Kerala.
  • Karunagappally is a small coastal town located 15 KM from Kollam Town. The area is famous for Travancore Titanium Company which is producing Titanium Sponge. It use Illuminate sand available at the coastal area as row material
  • Kottarakkara This is a historically important town located east of Kollam. In the 14th century the Travancore Royal family was divided into two with area north of Thiruvananthapuram under the rule of ‘Elayedath Swaroopam’ with the capital at Kottarakkara. Rani was the ruler of Kottarakkara who was offered protection from travancore by Dutch. And in the war between Travancore and Ilya Idathu swaroopam on 1741 , the ‘Marthanda Varma’ defeated the joint army of Kottarakkara and Dutch
  • Mayanad mayyanad is known for its nine temples, and the famous one being the Lord Subramanya Shrine believed to be consecrated by ‘Sankaracharya’
  • Neendakara is famous for its fishing harbor for sea going fisher mans. There is bridge which crosses the area where lake merge with sea. The Indo-Norwegian motorized fishing project is here
  • Ochira is famous for ‘Parabrahma’ Temple and its famous annual festival. It is believed to be the army training center of Kayamkulam Dynasty
  • Punalur is famous for it News Paper Mills and Travancore Plywood Company. A span of 400 feet hanging bridge constructed in 1877 across Kallada river is still there.
  • Shendurg Wildlife Sanctuary is one of the semi-evergreen forest of Kerala. You can see Elephants, tigers, leopards, bison, samba, wild boar, lion tailed macaques, languors, deer and most of the other wild animals at their natural inhibits. This is declared as wildlife sanctuary in 1984. According to some recent studies revealed, The Shenduruny was the cradle of one of the oldest river valley civilizations of India, which dated from 4400 BC to 3700 BC, unbelievable!!! older than Indus Valley Civilization.