The Attukal Bhagavathy Temple is a Hindu religious place of worship at Attukal, Trivandrum in Kerala, India. Goddess Bhadrakali (Kannaki), mounted over ‘vethala’, is the fundamental god in this sanctuary. Bhadrakali, a type of Mahakali, who executed the evil presence ruler Daruka, accepted to be conceived from the third eye of master Shiva. ‘Bhadra’ implies great and ‘Kali’ implies goddess of time. So Bhadrakali is considered as the goddess of flourishing and salvation. Goddess ‘Attukal devi’, itself is the preeminent mother ‘Bhadrakali devi’, (in soumya perspective) the goddess of energy and strength. She is regularly alluded as Kannaki, the heroin of Ilanko Adikal’s ‘Silapathikaram’. The sanctuary is famous for the yearly Attukal Pongala celebration, in which more than three million ladies participate. A celebration that has figured in the Guinness Book of World Records for being the single biggest social occasion of ladies for a religious action, the Attukal Pongala keeps on drawing a large number of ladies with each passing year. As per the Attukal Temple Trust, around 5 million devotees are required to go to the pongala in 2018. Attukal devi is regularly venerated in 3 structures, for example, Maha Saraswati (goddess of information), Maha Lakshmi (goddess of riches) and Mahakali/Durga/Parvati (goddess of influence).
Attukal Pongala is the primary celebration of this sanctuary. Attukal Pongala Mahotsavam is a 10 days celebration which falls on February – March each year (Malayalam month of Kumbham). The celebration starts on the Karthika star with the conventional Kappu Kettu and Kudiyiruthu service, the symbol of Devi, is adorned with Kappu (Bangles). The ninth day of the celebration, ‘Pooram day’ is the real fascination, The Attukal Pongala day and the celebration will finish up with the Guruthi Tharpanam at tenth day makam star night. A huge number of ladies assemble each year in the period of Kumbham around this sanctuary and plan Pongala (rice cooked with jaggery, ghee, coconut and in addition different fixings) in the open in little pots to satisfy the Goddess Kannaki. Pongala (truly intends to bubble over) is a ceremonial offering of a sweet dish, comprising of rice porridge, sweet dark colored molasses, coconut gratings, nuts and raisins. It is done as an offering to the managing divinity of the sanctuary – the Goddess – famously known as Attukal Amma. Goddess Attukal devi is accepted to satisfy their desires and give success.